What is an eye exam?
We treat every patient as an individual at Family Eye Center, located in Luverne and Troy, AL. Our eye doctors, Dr. Dunn, Dr. Hamlin and Dr. Moring, will meet with their patients and customize the eye exams depending upon the health and visual requirements. The basic steps of our comprehensive eye examination may include:
- Taking your case history: we’ll ask you a series of questions about any visual complaints or ocular symptoms, in addition to requesting information about your overall health, any current medications and your family eye history.
- Preliminary eye tests: we’ll evaluate your eye movements, muscle mobility, color vision, peripheral vision and the response of your pupils to light.
- Eye teaming/binocularity and accommodation: when you view an image, your eyes must pair together to see it clearly. We’ll check how well your eyes work together in order to focus. Your ability to switch your focus between near and far and back again will also be assessed.
- Visual acuity: you’ll first be asked to read an eye chart of letters and numbers to test your vision at various distances. 20/20 vision is defined as the normal measurement.
Using a phoropter, we’ll also assess your refractive error to diagnose astigmatism, nearsightedness or farsightedness. This test involves looking through a series of different lenses and providing feedback on which ones provide the sharpest vision.
We will also check your eyes with a retinoscope, which measures how light focuses with each of these different lenses.
- Ocular health: with the help of a high-powered lens as a diagnostic tool, our eye doctor will examine your retina and the inner tissues of your eye. We generally apply eye drops to dilate your pupils before performing this examination. We will inspect carefully for any signs of disease or ocular conditions.
Using tonometry, the inner pressure of your eyes will also be measured, either by a puff of air or a special device that gently touches the surface of your eye. This testing is entirely painless.
- Review and discussion: after we complete all of the necessary tests, we will meet with you in our Luverne and Troy, AL, clinics to share and discuss our findings. Together, we will decide upon the ideal treatment plan for you.
Our Eye Exams Explained
Everyone, regardless of age or physical condition, is advised by optometric experts to have routine eye examinations performed. At Family Eye Center, our eye doctors will inspect your eyes comprehensively, checking both your vision and eye health. Your eyes matter to us, and we will work hard to keep your eyesight healthy and prevent future vision loss.
Complete eye evaluations are a significant part of preventive health care, and may detect early signs of an eye disease that is still without symptoms. Pediatric eye exams may uncover a vision problem that could affect learning or cause developmental delays.
We offer a family-friendly practice, with our team of professional optometrists, Dr. Allen Dunn, Dr. David Hamlin and Dr. Mary Kate Moring. Experienced in performing eye exams for infants, children and adults, we invite you to schedule an appointment in our offices in Troy and Luverne, AL. Located conveniently to serve many neighboring communities, we are accessed easily from Pine Level, Ozark, Union Springs and Banks, Alabama.
When do you need eye exams?
The American Optometric Association (AOA) issued the following recommendations for when complete eye examinations should be done:
Children: The first eye evaluation should be performed at 6 months old, followed by another exam at 3 years old, and then again prior to starting school. If no vision problems or risk factors are present, then follow-up exams should be done annually. If your child is diagnosed with a vision condition, then eye exams are indicated more frequently – as advised by your eye doctor.
An undetected vision problem puts your child at risk for learning problems, so it’s critical to be on top of this schedule for comprehensive eye exams. Certain risk factors also point to a need for more regular eye evaluations. These factors include:
- Premature birth
- Crossed eyes
- Past eye injury
- Family history of eye disease
- Developmental delays
- Other physical diseases
Adults: If you wear eyeglasses or contact lenses, an annual eye exam is recommended. If no vision correction is needed, adults after age 40 should also schedule an exam each year. The risk of many common eye diseases, such as macular degeneration and cataracts, increases with age. After age 60, your eye doctor may recommend even more frequent exams.
When risk factors, such as diabetes, hypertension and other disorders are present, adults are generally instructed to schedule eye evaluations on a more frequent basis. This is due to the impact that these conditions may have on the health of your eyes.